Hycat™ 2000S is a proprietary liquid catalyst that accelerates the reaction of various epoxy resins with carboxylic acids and other small ring compounds while providing formulators with:

  • Low Reaction Onset Temperatures for early gel and low to moderate temperature curing
  • Low Peak Temperatures for more even distribution of reaction exotherm
  • Superior performance for the manufacture of Epoxy Acrylates (aka Vinyl Esters)
  • Liquid material that is easy to handle, easy to load and provides trouble-free blending
  • Non-hazardous and very low odor catalyst that is not regulated for transportation

The unique low temperature and overall curing characteristics of Hycat™ 2000S provide a more even distribution of the heat evolved from a polymer reaction leading to the production of consistently uniform cures that are free from cracks and voids. This is particularly useful in the curing of composites where materials that have been wet out with low viscosity resins require a quick gel but are sensitive to excessive exotherms which can lead to hidden defects in the final cure. Similarly thick parts that generate large amounts of internal heat that is difficult to dissipate will benefit greatly from the use of Hycat™ 2000S.

The low temperature characteristics of Hycat™ 2000S make it an excellent catalyst for the preparation of epoxy acrylates (aka vinyl esters) where temperature control is critical. Recent studies on the BADGE/Acrylic Acid and BADGE/Methacrylic Acid reactions with a Triphenylantimony inhibitor and 0.75 phr Hycat™ 2000S conducted at 70oC produced acid conversions of >98% in just under 180 minutes versus 55% conversion for Triphenylphosphine. Lower reaction temperatures allow for greater double bond retention and less risk of a runaway exotherm.

Hycat™ 2000S is a liquid so it is easy to handle, easy to load, easy to adjust and readily cleaned up with typical organic solvents. Hycat™ 2000S accelerates materials with monomeric, dimeric or polymeric functional groups and will perform very well in the presence of a number of popular toughening agents. This provides formulators with great flexibility to meet desired cure temperatures, cure cycles, pot life, glass transition temperature and other mechanical properties.

Hycat™ 2000S is REACH and RoHS compliant and manufactured under ISO 9002 quality assurance control standards. Free 60g (60mL) evaluation samples are available via our sample request page or by email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Typical Physical PropertiesAvailable Quantities

Physical State

Liquid

 

Packaging (HDPE All)

Net Wt

Appearance (color)

Emerald Green

 

200L Drums

200 Kgs (440 Lbs)

Viscosity (cP)

< 800 @ 25o C

 

50L   Drums

50 Kgs (110 Lbs)

Density

1.0 @ 25o C

 

20L   Jerricans

20 Kgs (44 Lbs)

Shelf Life

5 years

 

4L     Bottles

4 Kgs (8.8 Lbs)

 

Recommended Uses:

Hycat™ 2000S is highly recommended for the preparation of epoxy acrylates (aka vinyl esters).

 

Hycat™ OA is also recommended for use in epoxy/carboxylic acid formulations.  Most epoxy resins, including Aliphatic, Cycloaliphatic, Phenol-Type Di-and Tri-Glycidyl Ethers, Novolacs and many other epoxy resins as well as other small ring compounds will benefit using Hycat™ 2000S.

 

Not recommended for use with anhydrides. For anhydride applications please see information on Hycat™ 3100S, Hycat™ AC-4, Hycat™ SM-3 and Hycat™ AO-4.

 

Additional Information:

 

Hycat™ 2000S loadings typically range from 1 to 5 phr (parts per hundred epoxy resin) however higher or lower concentrations can be used depending on the formulation and desired end result. Cured products will have a light green tint, the intensity of which is determined by catalyst loading.

 

DTCS recommends that for evaluations conducted with Hycat™ 2000S that Hycat™ OA also be evaluated. Both products perform similarly but depending upon the formulation, each may have unique synergistic differences that could be advantageous.

 

Hycat™ 2000S is based on an activated (DTCS Proprietary Process) oxo-centered-trinuclear Chromium +3 complex. Chromium +3 compounds (aka trivalent chromium), are generally considered to be non-toxic by the EPA and are not to be confused with hazardous Chromium +6 compounds (aka Hexavalent Chromium). In fact Chromium +3 compounds are sold as over the counter dietary supplements such as chromium picolinate and Chromium +3 is considered to be an essential trace element for the human metabolism. Chromium +3 is even used in the treatment of diabetes to help lower blood glucose levels. For more toxicological information on Chromium +3 please see the US Dept of Health & Human Services, National Institute of Health website at https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Chromium-HealthProfessional/

 

 

HycatTM 2000S – Comparative Data

 

The following tables and graphs provide comparative data on epoxy acrylate synthesis conducted with 0.5% Hycat™ 2000S @ 70oC and DSC and viscosity data for basic epoxy formulations catalyzed by Hycat™ 2000S and other common epoxy catalysts at approximately 2% catalyst loading by weight (~ 4 to 6 phr depending upon formulation).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epoxy Acrylate Synthesis at 70oC

 

GRAPH 2S-1

 

GRAPH 2S-2

 

Bisphenol A Diglycidyl Ether & Dimer Acid

TABLE 2S-1

Resin System

phr

DSC Analysis 25oC – 250oC @ 10oC/min

Time to 100k cP (3)

Onset oC

Peak oC

Endset oC

Energy J/g

Tg oC

80oC (min)

25oC (hrs)

BADGE (1)

Dimer Acid (2)

Hycat™ 2000S

100:143:5

74

118

153

183

ND (4)

34

8.1

 

(1) Bisphenol A Diglycidyl Ether, Epon 828 (Momentive Specialty Chemicals)

(2) Dimer Acid, Empol 1016 (BASF)

(3) 15g mass by Brookfield LVDV-II & Thermosel module; Time to 100,000 cP reported at set temperature

(4) No Data, test not performed - Tg and hardness data not collected for this soft polymer system

 

GRAPH 2S-3

 

GRAPH 2S-4


GRAPH 2S-5

 

GRAPH 2S-6

GRAPH 2S-7

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GRAPH 2S-9

 

 

 

Cycloaliphatic Epoxide & Dimer Acid

TABLE 2S-2

Resin System

phr

DSC Analysis 25oC – 250oC @ 10oC/min

Time to 100k cP (3)

Onset oC

Peak oC

Endset oC

Energy J/g

Tg oC

80oC (min)

25oC (hrs)

Cycloaliphatic (1)

Dimer Acid (2)

Hycat™ 2000S

100:194:6

72

115

142

167

ND (4)

41

12

 

(1) Cycloaliphatic Epoxide, Lindoxy 190 (Lindau Chemicals)

(2) Dimer Acid, Empol 1016 (BASF)

(3) 15g mass by Brookfield LVDV-II & Thermosel module; Time to 100,000 cP reported at set temperature

(4) No Data, test not performed - Tg and hardness data not collected for this soft polymer system


GRAPH 2S-10

 

GRAPH 2S-11

GRAPH 2S-12


GRAPH 2S-13

GRAPH 2S-14

GRAPH 2S-15

GRAPH 2S-16

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